This is a biosphere reserve dedicated to preserving the natural balance of the earth in all its glory. This is also known and the Valley of flowers National Park. The Nanda Devi National park is in existence from 1982 and its name is after the peak that its around-Nanda Devi. Nanda Devi National park is located in the state of Uttarakhand in Northern India at an elevation of more than 3500m above sea level. The park was inscribed as a world heritage site by UNESCO. The park is actually spread around 2500 sq km and encompassed in the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve along with The Valley of Flowers National Park. There are not many places on earth that can call them a biosphere. This means that all the important physical features of the planet coexist here and the conditions are very hospitable. Furthermore, within the national park lies the Nanda Devi Sanctuary this is almost completely covered in glaciers and surrounded by a ring of peaks.
The Sanctuary and its two parts
The sanctuary itself is further having two parts- inner and outer. Together they form roughly, a square. The inner sanctuary covers two thirds of the national park and covers Nanda Devi peak itself. The outer sanctuary occupies the other third and is mainly rivers. The river Rishi Ganga is a fascinating attraction here.
The Flora at Nanda Devi
The topographical diversity is famous for the whole biosphere reserve. The well-known mountain wilderness is around India’s second largest peak and the reserve has a protection on all sides by various topographical features such as meadows, glaciers, moraines and alpines. However the landscape could not be more beautiful, the astonishing view of the amazing and dense flowers is impeccable. Moreover, at this altitude, the species of vegetation is not the same as that at sea level. So for the low dwellers the vegetation is interestingly new.
The Wildlife at Nanda Devi
Many common mammals such as Himalayan musk deer, mainland serow and Himalayan tahr are visible and about in the sanctuary. There are others that are in the vicinity of the park although not within, such as the Goral. Snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and perhaps also brown bear are also visible in the park in the name of carnivores. Nanda devi is the abode of a wide variety of shrubbery. 312 floral species and 17 rare species are in records till date . However the scarcity of vegetation in the inner sanctuary is not uncommon, due to the dryness of the climate.
Isolation of Nanda Devi
Due to their inaccessibility, Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National parks are well under the state department administration. The park management has kept the human use of the parks to the bare minimum. The parts which are there for ecotourism, hence preserving the delicate balance and maintaining the integrity. The state department and the forest department maintain something called anthropogenic pressures in the region, and there have been none since 1983. Anthropogenic pressures are the changes due to human activity. Apart from this some community based ecotourism has been prevalent in the region.
The breath taking scenic beauty is famous by mountaineers and botanists in literature. The region also has a stronghold in Hindu mythology.