The wildlife diversity of India: Nagarhole National Park

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About The Park

Nagarhole national park,its other name is Rajiv Gandhi National Park, its location is in Kodagu and Mysore district in the South Indian state of Karnataka. In 1999, this was  as the seventh project tiger reserve. The 600sq km national park is a part of the greater 6000sq km spanning Nilgiri biosphere reserve. Nestled in the Western Ghats, the reserve was declared a UNESCO world heritage site. The landscape of the park is having rich forest cover, small streams, hills, valleys and waterfalls. The park has adequate population of Elephants, tigers and Indian Bison.

FLORA

The park has a vast diversity of flora. The lush, dense forests and plants are the cherry on top of the beautiful landscape. North western Ghats moist deciduous forests, especially teak and rosewood, are the dominating species.  There are some swamp forests on the eastern side of the park. Some of the species present at Nagarhole are Lagerstroemia microcarpa, kadam, cotton tree, Schleichera trijuga and some species of ficus, crocodile bark, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Indian kino tree, Grewia tilaefolia, rosewood and axlewood. Apart from these the park is a home to some small quantities of conspicuous trees such as golden shower tree.

FAUNA

Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Ussuri dhole, sloth bear and the strip hyena are some of the fierce predators that walk the earth at Nagarhole. The herbivores are chital, sambar deer, barking deer, four-horned antelope, gaur, wild boar and Indian elephant. The park is also the habitat for southern population of the Gaur. The gray langur, bonnet macaque, jungle cat, slender loris, leopard cat, civet, mongoose, European otter, Indian giant flying squirrel, Indian giant squirrel, porcupine, golden jackal, chevrotain, hare and pangolin are some of the other mammals that call Nagarhole their home.

Nagarhole has recorded over some 250 species of birds. Blue-bearded bee-eater, scarlet minivet. Malabar whistling thrush to the more common ospreys, herons and ducks are the birds, to name some. Insects are not under discussion when it comes to these things. However, Nagarhole has recorded over 1000 species of insects in its 600sq km area. Unusual species of ants that are in record include the jumping ants such as Harpegnathos saltator. These are the which are known to jump up to a metre high. Insects are very interesting at Nagarhole, but they are not for everyone. Many tourists are repulsed by them.

D.B.Kuppe, Machur, Balle Elephant Camp, Karapura, Nisana Belathur, Hemmankette, Dommanakatete, Antharesanthe and Lakshmi pura are some of the settlements in and around Nagarhole. Timber smuggling, cattle disease, poaching, non-payment of forestry staff, forest fire, human wildlife conflict and human habitations are some of the threats to the national park.

CLIMATE

The temperature at the sanctuary is mildly pleasant all year round, although in the summers, it may reach up to 38 degrees Celsius.  However, the winters witness a significant drop. Albeit, the temperatures do not drop below 11 degrees, which makes for a very pleasant weather. The monsoon is popular for adequate rainfall.

The nearest airport is Bangalore,220km away and the nearest railway head is Mysore, 96 km away. Nagarhole is very well accessible via national and state highways.

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