Nameri National Park
Located at the foothills of eastern Himalayas, Nameri falls into the Sonitpur district of Assam. Nameri is spread across about 200sq km, but shares its northern border with Pakhui Wildlife sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh. Together the two parks occupy about 100sq km of land mass. This park was recognized as a national park in1998. Until then the area was used heavily for logging. It is also listed as tiger reserve. In 2002, the tiger count was at 26. Surrounding Nameri is a vast number of Assamese and missing villages. The Grasslands comprise less than 10% of the total area and the rest is deciduous and semi evergreen dense forests.
The national park falls into an area where the climate is subtropical. The summer and winters are hospitable but monsoons see rainfalls up to 350cm. The temperatures in winter don’t drop below 6degrees Celsius and never go higher than 30 degrees Celsius during the summers. The park is mostly flooded during monsoons and remains closed on the same account.
Nameri hosts several semi evergreen, moist deciduous forests and canebrakes along with narrow strips of open grasslands. Over 600 species of flora is said to be flourishing at Nameri. Gmelina arborea, Michelia champaca, Amari, Chukrasia tabularis, Ajar, Urium poma are some of the notable ones.
Almost same variety of fauna as Kaziranga and Orang can be found here due to geographical vicinity and similar climatic conditions. Nameri is said to be an excellent elephant country. Apart from elephants, tiger, leopard, sambar, dhole, pygmy hog, Indian wild bison, clouded leopard, leopard cat, muntjac, gaur, wild boar, sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, capped langur and Indian giant squirrel are notable residents of the national park. For the bird watching enthusiasts, Nameri has documented over 300 species of avian fauna. To name some- white winged wood duck, great pied hornbill, wreathed hornbill, rufous necked hornbill, black stork, ibisbill, blue-bearded bee-eaters, babblers, plovers are residents of Nameri.
Nameri has the distinction of being the host to numerous exquisite species of butterflies. The butterflies are a beautiful creature. They are an enchantment to the eyes. Butterflies are vital to the vegetation, as they play a significant role in the pollination of plants. Nameri is home to some 70 different species of butterflies including the majestic swordtail.
Human Animal Conflict
Human animal conflict is a major threat at Nameri, due to cattle grazing. This has resulted in numerous elephant deaths, 18 since 2008 to be precise. Additionally, there are some laws making reserved logging legal. This is shaping to become a serious problem at Nameri.
A great activity to do while at the park is fishing. The laws regulate the fishing activity in the area. Through the national park, flows the river Jia Bharali, which is very popular locally for river rafting. The rafting activity is 13km long and takes about 3 hours. Wildlife trekking is another interesting activity around the park. This is a trail that passes through those places that have the highest potential to spot wildlife. Of course, an armed forest official accompanies the tourists to avoid any unfortunate incidents.