Orang or Rajiv Gandhi orang National park is yet another national park located in the East Indian state of Assam. The park falls into the Darrang district of the state and is on the northern banks of the Brahmaputra River. Covering an area of about 100sq km, the park is relatively small in size. Adding to it The topographical domain of this one is very similar to Kaziranga and is in turn called Mini Kaziranga national Park. Other than Kaziranga this is the only place in the world where the great one horned rhinoceros has established a stronghold. Additionally, This is due to all the conservation and protection measures in place. Apart from the naturally occurring rivers, there are 26 manmade water bodies in the park. The previous residents, tribal inhabitants of this area had made those water bodies.
The park experiences subtropical climate. None of the seasons are hostile and the park is habitable all year round except monsoon. This is when most of the park becomes a flood plain for the rivers with numerous streams overlapping each other. The temperature does not exceed 30 in summer and does not drop below 5 in winters. I call this a win win.
Apart from the dominant one horned rhinoceros population, there are many other mammalian species in the park. For instance royal Bengal tiger, Asiatic elephant, pygmy hog, hog deer and wild boar call orang their home. Pygmy hog is an endangered species- limited to 75 in captivity in and around Assam. Fishing cat and Bengal porcupine are particularly interesting members of the orang fauna, since they are extremely difficult to spot. Through all the rivers and streams flowing in the park, more than 50 species of fish have been documented, including trout.
Considering avian fauna, migratory birds, water birds, predators, scavengers and game birds all are a part of the biodiversity at Orang. Great white pelican, black-necked stork, greater adjutant stork, lesser adjutant stork, ruddy shelduck, gadwall, brahminy duck, mallard and pintail are just a few of the notable names. There is a vast array of reptiles residing in the park and they are an important part of the food chain. However,7 different species or turtle and tortoises have been recorded.
The flora in the region is very similar to that of Kaziranga. This is attributed to similar topographical features and vicinity, which makes for similar climatic conditions. Moreover,A rich variety of natural forests, deciduous forests and non-aquatic grass flourish at Orang.
How To Reach?
The park is well accessible by road rail or by air. The nearest airport is salonibari, 80km away from the park. The nearest town in the vicinity of the park is Tezpur, most people make this their h9ome base for their visit to orang. The park is 15 km off NH52 and 41 kmaway from the nearest railway station in Salonipari. A permit from the Divisional forest officer is mandatory to gain entry in the park.